Discussions about sexual health are most often sidelined or hushed. In spite of the need for awareness, chit-chats about sex are considered a big No-No. In our new blog article series, #NotSoShy, we aim to shatter the taboo around the healthy discourse on sexual well-being. However, there is only one thing more preferential when we talk about sex – safer sex. This post aims at discussing STD Prevention and everything central to it.
But before we converse on STD Prevention, let’s know what is STD.
What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)?
Given the idea, sexually transmitted diseases are the infections that are transferred through unprotected sexual activity (Inclusive of vaginal, anal and/or oral sex). They are also known as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs).
However, unprotected sex is not the only way that leads to the spread of STD. These infections can also transmit from one person to another through the use of single needles, mother to infant and blood transfusions.
There are three types of STDs – bacteria, viruses, and parasites.
Also, read about: Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases in India
Facts about condoms and STD Prevention in India
- Genital skin-to-skin contact can lead to STD
- Most sexually transmitted infections do not show any symptoms
- If left untreated, STIs can have serious consequences on a person’s health
- HPV and Genital herpes are most common in India
- According to the World Health Organization, every day nearly 1 million people get an STI.
You may be surprised to know that certain Sexually Transmitted Diseases do not have a cure. But STD Prevention is possible for all sub-categories of the disease.
STD Prevention is a lifestyle based set of guidelines. Here’s what you need to do to prevent these infections:
The term, abstinence, means restraining yourself from an activity. Concerning STD Prevention, it means restraining yourself from having sex. It is similar to saying that if you know you are allergic to almonds, do not eat almonds. So, if you know that you are having certain issues with your reproductive health, do not have sex.
Condoms and STD Prevention
A contraceptive barrier while having sex is the best method for STD prevention. Sad news, though, that condoms do not guarantee 100% STD Prevention if not used properly. You should make sure to use condoms in the right way. The condom that is put in the right way is the most effective form of STD Prevention.
There are approximately 30 types of Sexually transmitted diseases. Unfortunately, few of them are not curable but only manageable. However, STD Prevention for some of these diseases is provided in the form of vaccinations. For instance, Hepatitis B and HPV can be prevented by safe and effective vaccines. Talk to your healthcare provider for taking vaccinations.
Limit your number of sex partners
The more the number of people you have sex with, the higher are your chances of getting STDs. Another way for STD Prevention is to reduce the number of sexual partners you have. If you have made love with only one person, while your partner has had a series of intercourse with diverse people, you should discuss STD Prevention and get tested.
Be sexually active with only one person
If you and your partner decide to be sexually involved with just each other, your odds of getting STDs decrease. It is because once you and your partner get tested and have no sign of getting infections, you can have a healthy sex life.
Tips for STD Prevention
You should keep the following in mind for the prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
- Ensure to use a condom for any form of sexual activity – vaginal, anal or oral sex
- Choose latex condoms for STD Prevention
- Avoid risky sex positions or practices that may lead to a tear in the skin
- Wash your genitals before and after sex
- Get tested for infections because some STIs are asymptomatic
- Avoid having sex if you are drunk
- Never reuse a condom
STD Prevention is not impossible if safer habits are practised. People should be encouraged to talk about the possible risk of sexually transmitted diseases, to raise awareness and avoid incidents.
If you are interested in learning more about sexual and reproductive health, watch out for #NotSoShy.
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