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Tilt-Shift Lenses – Fun but also Practical


Tilt-Shift Lenses – Fun but also Practical

Now that we seem to have more than enough cameras to satisfy our filmmaking needs, it’s a good time to focus on lenses, and in particular specialty lenses. Let’s take a quick look at what you can do with a tilt-shift lens.

In “The Secrets of Optics” course on MZed, educator Mitch Gross dedicates a module specifically to specialty optics and adapters. The lesson on tilt shift lenses, or “shift and tilt” lenses as they’re sometimes called, goes into some detail about when it makes sense to reach for a lens that lets you manipulate the focal plane.

Getting started with tilt shift lenses

Unlike spherical lenses which have the mount and the body of the lens locked together, a tilt-shift lens frees the body of the lens to move around. So now you can essentially “see around a corner” or look sideways at an object.

The immediate effect of this is you can change the depth of field to do things that a regular lens can’t do. As you move the tilt-shift lens around, you can get a unique look where only a part of the image is in focus and the rest falls off into a blur. 

tilt-shift-lens-blur
Image credit: Slavik Boyechko

For close subjects, this makes for an interesting stylistic effect. Here’s a photo I took of my neighbor, using a Lensbaby Sol tilt-shift lens. There’s an almost radial look to the out-of-focus area around the subject.

From a filmmaker’s point of view, you can use a tilt-shift lens to shoot two subjects at an angle, while keeping them both in focus. Essentially, you’re arcing the front of the lens so that two subjects are both at a parallel angle of light. 

tilt-shift-lens-depth-of-field-focus
Screengrab from The Secrets of Optics – Image credit: Mitch Gross / AbelCine

A good use for this effect would be shooting a driver and passenger in a car, where your camera is placed at the driver side window and you want to have both subjects in focus, without stopping the aperture down to dramatically increase the depth of field.

One of the primary use cases for a tilt-shift lens is when capturing architecture or tall buildings. With a standard lens, the vanishing perspective lines will distort the building into a triangular shape. It’s especially noticeable for tall buildings.

lens-for-tilt-shift-photography
Image source: “Canon 101: Tilt-Shift Lenses | More Than Just For Buildings – fixthephoto.com

But with a tilt-shift lens, you can modify the angle of the lens so that the image of the building squares up. The vertical lines of the building will run parallel to each other rather than pointing inwards.

In “The Secrets of Optics” course, Mitch goes into more detail about tilt-shift lenses, using some in-studio examples. To further demonstrate the effects, I shot some footage using a Canon tilt-shift lens on a Canon C300 Mark II. The Specialty Optics module also includes discussions on macro and anamorphic lenses.

tilt-shift-lens-canon
Screengrab from The Secrets of Optics – Image credit: Mitch Gross / AbelCine

Time-lapse with tilt shift lenses

One of the more popular ways to use tilt-shift lenses in video production is to capture wide scenes via time-lapse. The sped-up footage, along with only a small area being in focus, gives you the ability to miniaturize the world.

tilt-shift-lens-timelapse
Click on the image to see the timelapse GIF. Image credit: Slavik Boyechko

In this lesson of Philip Bloom’s Cinematic Masterclass, you can see a few examples of this effect. Philip recommends finding a scene where there are people, cars, boats, or other kinds of motion we expect notions of what we should see.

tilt-shift-lens-timelapse
Screengrab from Philip Bloom’s Cinematic Masterclass – Image credit: Philip Bloom / MZed

With a time-lapse set to take a few photos per second, you can still see the movement of people and objects but they look like they’re in a little toy box. This effect is even more pronounced when you shoot from a high perspective, looking down on the scene. It gives the viewer the feeling of looking down onto a world from far above.

tilt-shift-lens-timelapse-video
Screengrab from Philip Bloom’s Cinematic Masterclass – Image credit: Philip Bloom / MZed

Learn more about lenses by joining MZed Pro

No matter how far along you are in your filmmaking journey, there are still more lessons to learn about lenses in the Secrets of Optics course. From the history of lenses to the difference between photo and cinema lenses, to the real meaning of a “normal lens.”

secrets-of-optics-mzed-course

As an MZed Pro member, you get access to nearly 300 hours of filmmaking education, plus we’re constantly adding more courses. For just $30/month (billed annually at $349), here’s everything you’ll get:

  • 42 courses, over 500 high quality lessons spanning nearly 300 hours of learning.
  • Highly produced courses from educators who have decades of experience and awards, including a Pulitzer Prize and an Academy Award.
  • Exclusive access to ARRI Academy online courses.
  • Unlimited access to stream all the content during the 12 months.
  • Offline download and viewing with the MZed iOS app.
  • The majority of MZed courses provide an industry-recognized certificate upon completion.
  • Purchasing the courses outright would cost over $9,800.
  • Course topics include cinematography, directing, lighting, cameras and lenses, producing, indie filmmaking, writing, editing, color grading, audio, and even how to launch a YouTube channel.
  • 7-day money back guarantee if you decide it’s not for you.
  • After the first year, the annual renewal rate is $199, a savings of 57% from the new member rate.
MZed courses

Join MZed Pro now to get started!

Full disclosure: MZed is owned by CineD

Do you use tilt-shift lenses in your photography or filmmaking? Add your comment below!





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